What you should know about shotgun shells

brass shotgun shells


It is a gun that is easily carried by an individual, it needs to be legally owned and it is used to target something or someone and inflict harm by shooting a projectile such as a brass shotgun shells bullet across the target due to rapidly expanding gases, which is produced by a propellant of various compositions depending on the make and model of the firearm.

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Shotgun shells are cartridges that are loaded into the shotgun and it is the component which dislodges from the gun and hits the intended target. These are of different types such as brass shotgun shells, high base shotgun shells, low brass shotgun shells, and high brass 12-gauge shotgun shells.

Shotgun shells vary depending on the gauge or length of the barrel as well as based on the amount of shot and powder contained within these shells.

The components of the shell are as follows,

  • The shotgun shell case
  • The thick base of the shell has the space to harbor large shotgun primer.
  • In modern shotguns, smokeless powders which contain nitrocellulose or nitroglycerin is contained within a small space. This is also known as the propellant.
  • Next comes the wad, the significance of the wad is that it acts as a separation between the shot and the powder to prevent the gas from blowing the shot rather than propel it.
  • The composition of the wad includes three main parts,
  • Powder wad, which acts as a gas seal and is placed over the powder firmly.
  • Cushion
  • The Shot gap
  • Finally, the projectile also known as the shot, which dislodges and hits the target with precision and speed.


Brass shotgun shells

Brass shotgun shells have six components that are significant. The reason it is called ‘brass shotgun shells’ is because the base is made up of brass in the case and this helps it retain the structure of the shell.

  • High brass shotgun shells & Low brass shotgun shells –

These are shotgun shells which are most commonly used. The words, ‘high’ and ‘low’ refers to the height of the metal base in the shotgun shell.

It is known that high brass shotgun shells are much more powerful and showed impressive force.

  • High brass 12-gauge shotgun shells

The word ‘gauge’ is used as a unit for the inner diameter of the barrel of the gun you own. Hence, high brass 12 gauge refers to the bore of the barrel of the gun into which these shotgun shells will be loaded into.


We would like to explain each aspect involving firearm and shotgun shells, so our clients understand the gravity of owning a firearm.

Most of the people are intrigued by the way a shot separates from the shell. Here is the process written down in the simplest of words to make you understand.

  • Firstly, the shotgun shells are loaded into an area known as the chamber of the shotgun you intend to use.
  • When the trigger is pressed, the firing pin causes a mechanism which hits the primer and causes the explosive charge in it to ignite.
  • In a positive feedback reaction, the primer then kindles the propellant.
  • The propellant, as explained earlier, contains chemicals which burn due to the primer’s hitting force.  This leads to production of gases which build up inside the shell. These chemicals start to burn very slowly, a process known a deflagration, so the cartridge moves smoothly.
  • These gases then push up against the wad of the shotgun shell.
  • This causes the shot (projectile) and wad to exit the barrel.
  • The wad falls to the ground approximately 20 yards from the gun but the shot travels longer distance and causes damage to the intended target due to the force and speed.
  • The rest of the shell either stays in the gun and so it needs to be manually removed or it dislodges automatically and the next shotgun shell takes its place, ready to aim and fire.
  • The reason why the gun jolts back with massive force is due to Newton’s third law, which says ‘every action has an equal and opposite reaction’, so in this case, the force that is required to push the shot out of the barrel with fascinating speed and precision, that action has an equal and opposite reaction which causes the jolt of the gun once it is fired. This offer results in injury if the shooter is not solid enough in his training or if the firearm is faulty. 

We hope the information provided by the team of professionals behind this website deemed helpful and necessary in this journey of firearm and shotgun shells hunting!

Whether it be for hunting, or for shooting at a gun range to revive your skills or learn new ones, we aim to provide you with the best of products to make this adventure easy and comfortable for you. We want you to be fully acknowledged with the information that is required in order to own and use a firearm and its shotgun shells before you purchase one of your own.

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We believe that we are your best choice in terms of firearm and shotgun shell purchases and we will not disappoint you.

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